Original Brexit Withdrawal Agreement

The Brexit withdrawal agreement has been a contentious topic since the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union in 2016. After months of negotiations, an original Brexit withdrawal agreement was reached in November 2018. But what exactly does this agreement entail, and why has it been so controversial?

The withdrawal agreement outlines the terms of the UK`s departure from the EU, including a transition period lasting until the end of 2020, during which the UK will continue to follow EU rules and regulations. It also includes provisions on citizens` rights, the financial settlement the UK must pay to the EU, and the status of the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

One of the most controversial aspects of the agreement has been the Irish backstop, which is a measure designed to prevent a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. If a trade deal is not reached by the end of the transition period, the backstop would come into effect, keeping the UK in a customs union with the EU until a solution is found.

Critics of the agreement argue that the backstop would effectively keep the UK tied to the EU indefinitely, and that it would undermine the UK`s sovereignty. Proponents argue that it is necessary to prevent a return to the violence that plagued Northern Ireland during the Troubles.

In January 2019, the withdrawal agreement was put to a vote in the UK parliament, and it was rejected by a historic margin. Prime Minister Theresa May attempted to renegotiate the agreement with the EU, but was ultimately unsuccessful. May resigned in July 2019, and was succeeded by Boris Johnson.

Johnson renegotiated the withdrawal agreement, removing the controversial backstop provision and replacing it with a new arrangement. The revised agreement was approved by the EU in October 2019 and by the UK parliament in December 2019.

The original Brexit withdrawal agreement remains a significant milestone in the Brexit process, and its controversial provisions continue to be debated. As the UK moves forward with its departure from the EU, the terms of the agreement will continue to shape the shape of the UK`s future relationship with its European neighbors.

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